Black and white are two shades that can complement each other beautifully. Of course, this isn't the case with your teeth. You'll probably want your teeth to be a healthy shade of white, and any black spots can indicate that you have a cavity that needs to be filled. It can also be that your teeth are perfectly white, but the effect is diminished by the presence of black spots elsewhere in your smile. How do you correct dark patches on your gums?
The Cause of Dark Patches
Your dentist shouldn't necessarily be your first port of call when you notice dark patches on your gingival tissues. The cause of this issue needs to be identified, as it can often be caused by an endocrine disorder, which is an issue related to the glands in your body which excrete hormones into your bloodstream. Of course, you might already be well aware of the cause of this irregular pigmentation on your gums and are more interested in correcting it.
A Cosmetic Problem
While darkened gums might not appear to be in the best condition, they can still be perfectly healthy, and the issue is entirely cosmetic. This means that cosmetic dentistry can offer the solution to this aesthetic problem. After a thorough assessment, the dentist will determine the best way to proceed.
Microdermabrasion or Laser Removal
The dentist might suggest a depigmentation procedure. This can involve microdermabrasion in order to exfoliate the discolored patches on your gums. Alternatively, a dental laser can be utilized to actually remove the affected portions of your gums. Neither of these methods is particularly invasive, although your gingival tissues will need to heal afterward. However, these treatments can sometimes only offer a temporary solution for some patients, as the discoloration has the potential to return.
If the initial microdermabrasion or laser treatment doesn't offer lasting results (or if the extent of your discoloration means that your dentist advises against these forms of treatment), another method may be utilized. Your dentist can suggest a gingival graft, which is when a fragment of gingival tissue is harvested from elsewhere in your mouth and grafted over the discoloration. The dark patches are technically still there but are permanently disguised beneath the graft. Again, this is not invasive and the required healing time is minimal.
While the cause of dark patches on your gums needs to be identified, the appearance of your gum tissues can easily be corrected.
Reach out to a cosmetic dentist in your area for more information.